宏8彩票代理

地理教师网之地理试题解析
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专家评2019年北京高考文综地理试题

时间:2019-06-08 13:06 来源:未知 作者:地理教师 责任编辑:地理教师
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2019年北京高考文综地理学科命题继续坚持以“课程标准”和“高考说明”的要求为依据,贯彻2018年全国教育大会和北京市教育大会的精神,落实立德树人根本任务,为培养德智体美劳全面发展的社会主义建设者和接班人奠定基础。2019年是北京市高考文综考试的收官之年,试题密切结合北京市地理教学实际,稳中求新,稳中有变,体现首都特色。试题难度适中,聚焦地理学科核心素养,注重考查地理的学科方法和逻辑思维,体现基础性、综合性、应用性和创新性,充分发挥高考的选拔和育人功能。为高中学业水平等级考试做出有益的探索,对高中地理教学具有良好的导向作用。主要体现以下几个特点:

一、突出立德树人的价值观导向

SHITIWEIRAOLIDESHURENDEMUBIAO,GUANCHEQUANGUOHEBEIJINGSHIJIAOYUDAHUIJINGSHEN,SHENTOUZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUA,GUANZHUGUOJIAZHONGYAOZHANLVEHEJUECE,SHULIWENHUAZIXINHEZIZUN。TUCHUJIAGUOQINGHUAI,RANGXUESHENGWEIJIANSHELVSEZHONGGUO、SHENGTAIZHONGGUO、MEILIZHONGGUO,XINGCHENGQIANGYOULIDERENTONGGANHEZERENGAN,BINGJUBEIWEILAIJIANSHEZUGUODEXINGDONGNENGLI。

宏8彩票代理 LIRU,XUANZETIDI1、2TI,YIGONGDENGDEZHIZUOWEIQINGJING,GUANZHUZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUAHEYUEGANGAODAWANQUDEJIANSHE,BINGTONGGUOYUEDUZHONGGUOSHUBANDITUZENGQIANGGUOTUYISHI,PEIYUAIGUOQINGGANHEJIAGUOQINGHUAI。XUANZETIDI5TIYINDAOXUESHENGGUANZHU“ZHANGJIANGSANJIAOZHOUQUYUYITIHUAFAZHAN”ZHEIYIGUOJIAZHONGDAZHANLVEJUECE,ZENGQIANGXUESHENGJIANSHEZUGUODESHEHUIZERENGAN。

二、注重考查地理学科核心素养

宏8彩票代理 SHITIZHUZHONGKAOCHAXUESHENGDERENDIXIEDIAOGUAN、ZONGHESIWEI、QUYURENZHI、DILISHIJIANLIDENGDILIXUEKEHEXINSUYANG。TONGGUOGOUJIANXIANHUODEQINGJING,YINDAOXUESHENGLIYONGDILIZHISHIHEFANGFAJIEJUEWENTI。

LIRU:XUANZETIDI8TIYIXUESHENGJIAOSHUXIDEDIZUQUXIANWEISHITIQINGJING,KAOCHAXUESHENGDUIMOUDISHANGYEYONGDIHENONGYEYONGDIZHUANGKUANGDELIJIE,SHENTOUZHENGCEDUINONGYEYONGDIDEBAOHUZUOYONG,TIXIANRENDIXIEDIAOGUAN。

XUANZETIDI3TIKAOCHADIXING、QIHOUYAOSUZHIJIANDELIANXI;ZONGHETIDI36TI(3)XIAOTIKAOCHAXUESHENGCONGDUOJIAODUFENXILAOWOFAZHANDUOZHONGYOUZHINONGCHANPINDEYOULITIAOJIAN,TIXIANZIRANHERENWENYAOSUDEZONGHE,KAOCHALEBUTONGSHUIPINGDEZONGHESIWEI。

XUANZETIDI1、2TISHEJIYUEGANGAODAWANQU、ZHONGGUOQUANTU;XUANZETIDI4、5TISHEJIZHANGJIANGSANJIAOZHOU;XUANZETIDI7TISHEJIYAZHOUJUBUDIQU;ZONGHETIDI36TISHEJIDONGNANYAJUBUDIQU、DI40TI(1)XIAOTISHEJIDEGUODIQUDENG。TONGGUOBUTONGCHIDUKAOCHAXUESHENGQUYURENZHISUYANG。

XUANZETIDI6TILIANXISHENGHUO,YINDAOXUESHENGTONGGUODUTUFENXICHULIXIANGGUANSHUJU,DUIDILIXIANXIANGKEXUEJIESHIYUPINGJIA,JIEJUEZHENSHIDEDILIWENTI,KAOCHADILISHIJIANLI。

三、素材丰富,情境多样,考查学科本质

SHITITIGONGLEFENGFUDETUXIANGXINXI,CHONGFENLIYONGDILITUXIANGJIQICHENGZAIDEDILIQINGJING,JIANGXIANSHISHENGHUOYUXUESHENGDEXUEXILIANXIQILAI,YINDAOXUESHENGCONGTUXIANGZHONGHUOQUYOUXIAOXINXIJIEJUEDILIWENTI,KAOCHAXUEKEBENZHI,TUCHUDILIXUEKEDETESE。DILITUXIANGLEIXINGDUOYANG,YOUSHOUHUITU、QUYUTU、DENGZHIXIANTU(DENGYAXIAN、DENGSHENXIAN)、ZUOBIAOTU、RENKOUMIDUFENBUTU、SHIYITUDENG,GONGJI9FUTU。TIMUSHEZHIZHONGTUXIANGYUWENZIZILIAOJIEHE,TIGONGLEFENGFUDEDILIXINXI,YOUXIAOKAOCHAXUESHENGDUIJICHUZHISHIDELIJIEHEJIBENFANGFADEYINGYONG。

宏8彩票代理 LIRU,XUANZETIDI7TIDETU5“MOURI08SHIYAZHOUJUBUHAIPINGMIANQIYAFENBUTU”,KAOCHAXUESHENGDUIJIANYITIANQITUDEPANDU;ZONGHETI36TITU14SHIFUHETU,ZAIWOGUOHEDONGNANYAJUBUQUYUTUSHANG,DIEJIAQIWEN、SHIDUHEJIANGSHUILIANGTONGJITU,YINDAOXUESHENGRENSHIQUYUCHAYI,BINGNENGFENXIZAISHIYISHIDUANCHUYOUDEYUANYIN。

四、密切联系生活,学以致用

SHITISUCAIDADUOYUANYUSHENGHUOSHIJIHESHEHUIREDIAN,YINDAOXUESHENGGUANZHUSHENGHUO、GUANZHUSHEHUI,YIDILISHIJIAORENSHISHEHUISHENGHUO,JIANGZISHENFAZHANYUSHEHUIFAZHAN、GUOJIAFAZHANXIANGLIANXI,TUCHUDILIXUEKEDEYURENJIAZHI。TIMUSHEZHIDEQINGJING,CHONGFENKAOLVXUESHENGDESHENGHUOTIYAN,WEIBUTONGCENGCIDEXUESHENGDAJIANZHANSHICAIHUADEPINGTAI。

LIRU:XUANZETIDI9、10TI,YI《RENMINRIBAO》DEXINWENBAODAO“4000GONGLI,NANCAIBEIYUN”WEISUCAI,JINMILIANXISHENGHUOSHIJI,KAOCHAQUYUCHAYIHEQUJILIANXI;ZONGHETI41TI(1)XIAOTIYIBEIJINGSHIJIEYUANYIBOLANHUIWEISHITIQINGJING,YINDAOXUESHENGGUANZHUSHEHUIREDIAN,ZENGQIANGSHOUDOUYISHI。

五、试卷整体结构合理,不同类型题目特色鲜明

(YI)XUANZETI

1.NANDUSHIZHONG,PINGHEWENDING,TIXIANRENWENGUANHUAI

宏8彩票代理 YU2018NIANXIANGBI,SHITIZAIXINGSHI、JIEGOUSHANGBAOCHIJIBENWENDING,ZAISUCAI、SHEWEN、TUXIANGDENGBIAODAXINGSHIYIJIKAOCHAZHUTI、JIAODUHEDAANSHEZHIDENGFANGMIANBAOCHILEBEIJINGJUANYIGUANDETESE,MEIYOUPIANTI、GUAITI,GUANZHUXUEKEZHUGANZHISHI,KAOCHAXUESHENGRICHANGJILEIHEKETANGBIAOXIAN。RUXUANZETITU3、TU5、TU6,DOUXUANQULEXUESHENGCHANGJIANDETUXIANGXINGSHI,KAOCHAQUYU、TIANQIXITONGHECHENGSHIKONGJIANJIEGOUDEXIANGGUANJICHU、ZHUGANZHISHI,RANGMEIYIWEIKAOSHENGGANDAOQINQIE、SHUXI,HAOSHANGSHOU,PINGWENZHONGWEIHUKAOSHIGONGPING。

2. DILITUXIANGFENGFU,SUCAIMIANGUANGDISHEN,TISHENGSHITIDESIXIANGXING

DILIXUANZETI11DAO,YUNYONGLE7FUTUXIANG,SHEJISHOUHUITU、SHIYITU、TONGJITU、QUYUTU、DENGZHIXIANTUDENG,YINDAOXUESHENGCONGTUXIANGZHONGHUOQUYOUXIAOXINXI,JIEJUEDILIWENTI。KAOCHAXUESHENGZONGHESIWEI、QUYURENZHIDENGDILISIXIANGFANGFADEZHANGWOSHUIPING,TIXIANLEDILIXUEKETESE。QIZHONGBIJIAOXINYINGDETUXIANGBAOKUO:TU1,JIANGXUESHENGSHOUHUITUHEZHUANTIQUYUDITUJIEHE,YIFU“DIANLIANGZHONGGUO”DEGONGDENGSHOUHUITUPOWEILIANGYAN,JIANGDILISHIJIANLIHEXUESHENGDESHENMEITIYANQIAOMIAODIRONGRUSHITI,BINGTONGGUOZUHETUDEXINGSHICHENGZAILEFENGFUDEXUEKENEIHAN;TONGSHISHOUCIZAIGAOKAOSHITIZHONGSHIYONGLESHUBANZHONGGUODITU,SHENTOULEGUOQINGJIAOYU。TU4,JIEHESHENGHUOSHIJI,YI“ZHONGGUOMOUJICHANGKONGDIAOBIANHUASHIYITU”KAOCHAXUESHENGDEQUYURENZHI,YIJITUXIANGXINXIDEFENXICHULINENGLI。TU7“ZHANGJIANGZHONGXIAYOUMOUQUYUMOHUOMIANDEDENGSHENXIANFENBUTU”,YIGAICHANGGUIYIPOUMIANTUKAOCHADIQIUNEIBUQUANCENGJIEGOUDEXINGSHI,YIDENGSHENXIANDESHIJIAOKAOCHAXIANGGUANXUEKEZHISHI,CHONGFENTIXIANLEZONGHESIWEI。

SHITISUCAIMIQIELIANXISHEHUIREDIANWENTIHESHENGHUOSHIJI,YINDAOXUESHENGGUANZHUWOGUOXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEZHONGDEZHONGDADILIWENTI,TIXIANGUOQINGJIAOYU,SHENTOUQUANMIANPEIYANGXUESHENG“DE、ZHI、TI、MEI、LAO”YIZHIPINZHI。

LIRU:XUANZETIDI1、2TI,YIXUEXIAOKAIZHANDESHOUGONGHUODONGWEISUCAI,BUJINTIXIANLEDILISHIJIANLIYUXUEKEZHISHIKAOCHADEYOUJIJIEHE,HAITIXIANLEXUESHENGDUILAODONGJINGSHENDEZHUIQIU。DI1TIYIYUEGANGAODAWANQUWEIBEIJING,TIXIANLEJIANGUO70NIANDEJIANSHECHENGJIU。DI5TIYIZHANGJIANGSANJIAOZHOUQUYUYITIHUAWEIBEIJING,YINDAOXUESHENGLIJIEGUOJIAFAZHANZHANLVEDEZHENGTIYITU,PEIYANGAIGUOQINGHUAI。

宏8彩票代理 2.JUJIAOJICHU、ZHUGANZHISHI,TIXIANDUONIANJILEI,TISHENGSIWEIPINZHI

WEIRAODILIGAINIAN、YUANLIYUGUILVDENGZHUGANZHISHI,TUCHUKAOSHENGDUIDILIDE“LI”DELIJIE、YINGYONGYUFENXIDENENGLIKAOHE。SHITISHEJIRUBILICHI、ZHONGGUOJIANGYU、QIHOUYINGXIANGYINSU、HELIUSHUIWENTEZHENG、JIANYITIANQITU、DENGZHIXIANDENGZHUDUOJIBENDILIGAINIAN、JIBENYUANLI。BIRUXUANZETIDI2、6、7、11TI。ZHEIXIEJIAOCAIZHONGDEGAINIAN、YUANLI、GUILVSHIJIEDADILIWENTIDEJICHU,YESHIFENXI、JIEJUEDILIWENTIDEZHONGYAOYIJU,SHIDILIZHISHITIXIZHONGDEZHUGAN。

3.TIEJINSHEHUIHESHENGHUOSHIJI,SHENTOUZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUAHEDILIXUEKEHEXINSUYANG

SHITIGUANZHUWENHUAJICHU、ZIZHUFAZHANHESHEHUICANYUDEXUESHENGFAZHANSUYANGYAOQIU,TUXIANHEXINSUYANGKAOCHA,YOUQIGUANZHUQUYURENZHIYUDILISHIJIANLIDEKAOCHA。

LIRUDI1TI,“DIANLIANGZHONGGUO”DEGONGDENGSUCAI,SHENTOULEZHONGGUOYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUA,TIXIANLEDILISHIJIANLIDEPEIYANG。

LIRUDI4TI,JIEHEJICHANGJIANSHEDESHIJIQINGJING,YINDAOXUESHENGGUANZHURICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGDEDILIGUILV,TONGSHIZAIKAOCHAXUESHENGZAITUXIANGXINXIFENXICHULIDETONGSHI,SHENTOUDILISHIJIANLIDEKAOCHA。

宏8彩票代理 LIRUDI8TI,TONGGUODIZUTONGJIZUOBIAOTU,YINDAOXUESHENGCONGDILISHIJIAOKANDAIZAICHENGSHIHUAKUAISUFAZHANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,GUOJIATONGGUOZHENGCEBAOZHANGNONGYEYONGDI,CONGERJIASHENXUESHENGDUIRENDIXIEDIAOGUANDELIJIE。

(ER)ZONGHETI

1.SHITISUCAIXUANZESHIYEKAIKUO,ZHANGXIANDILIYURENJIAZHI

36TIYI“ZHONGGUOYUDONGNANYASHANSHUIXIANGLIAN,RENWENXIANGTONG,KUAJINGHEZUOBUDUANSHENHUA”WEISHITISUCAI,CONGDILISHIJIAOGUANZHU“YAZHOUWENMINGDUIHUADAHUI”、“JINGZHUNFUPIN”DENGZHONGDASHIZHENGREDIAN;40TIYI“GUWANGJINLAI,SHEHUIGUANHUAISHIYIGEZHONGDAYITI”WEISHITISUCAI,YINDAOXUESHENGJIANGSUOXUEDILINEIRONGYUXIANSHISHENGHUOJINMIJIEHE,SHENTOUXUEYIZHIYONGDEXUEXILINIAN;41TIYI“ZHANGCHENGJIAOXIA,GUISHUIHEPAN,2019NIANSHIJIEYUANYIBOLANHUIZAIBEIJINGJUBAN”WEIQINGJINGSUCAI,TIXIANBEIJINGTESE,LVSEFAZHAN(LVSHUIQINGSHANSHIJINSHANYINSHAN),QIANGHUAJIAGUOQINGHUAI。

JIYUSHITISUCAIDEXUANZE,ZONGHETIYINDAOXUESHENGCONGDILISHIJIAO,YONGDILIZHISHI、DILISIWEIDENGGUANZHUGUOJI、GUONEIDEZHONGDASHIZHENGREDIAN,GUANZHUSHENBIANDEXIANSHIWENTIDENG,TIXIANDILISHITIDESIXIANGXING、SHIDAIXINGYUSHENGHUOXING,ZHANGXIANDILIDEYURENJIAZHI。

宏8彩票代理 2.SHITISHEWENDUOJIAODUDUOCENGCI, QIANGHUAXUEXIGUOCHENGFANGFA

宏8彩票代理 36TIYI“ZHONGGUOYUDONGNANYA”ZHEIYIQUYUWEIQINGJING,SHEJISIGEBUTONGCENGCIBUTONGJIAODUDEWENTI,TUCHUMIAOSHUYUCHANSHIQUYUZIRANDILITEZHENGHERENWENDILITEZHENGDEGUOCHENGYUFANGFA;CHANSHUQUYUHEZUOYUKECHIXUFAZHANDEGUOCHENGYUFANGFADENGDENG,TUCHUQUYURENZHI、ZONGHESIWEIYURENDIXIEDIAOGUANDENGHEXINSUYANGDEKAOCHA。40(2)TISHEWEN“MIAOSHUDEGUOLAOLINGHUARENKOUMIDUDEFENBUTEZHENG,LIJURENKOULAOLINGHUADUIGAIGUOKENENGDAILAIDEYINGXIANG”,QIANGHUAHUOQUHEJIEDUDILITUXIANGXINXIDEGUOCHENGYUFANGFA;MIAOSHUDILISHIWUFENBUTEDIANDEGUOCHENGYUFANGFADENG,TUCHURENDIXIEDIAOGUAN、ZONGHESIWEI、QUYURENZHIDENGSUYANG。41(1)TISHEWEN“GAISHUSHENYANGHEDALIANFAZHANGAOXINJISHUCHANYEDEGONGTONGYOULITIAOJIAN”,TUCHUCHANSHIGAOXINJISHUCHANYEFAZHANTIAOJIANDEGUOCHENGYUFANGFA、YUEDUWENZIXINXIDEGUOCHENGYUFANGFADENG,TUCHUQUYURENZHI、ZONGHESIWEI、RENDIXIEDIAOGUANDEKAOCHA。

宏8彩票代理 3.SHITITUCHUKAOCHAZHUGANZHISHI,GUANZHUDILIXUEXIJILEI

DILISHITIZHUZHONGDUIJIBENGAINIAN、YUANLIDENGZHUGANZHISHIDELIJIEJIQIYINGYONGNENGLIDEKAOCHA,ZHUZHONGJICHUXING、ZONGHEXING、SHIJIANXINGDENG,GUANZHUXUESHENGKETANGXUEXISUODE,DAJIANXUESHENGZHANSHIXUEXICHENGGUODEPINGTAI。

DILIGAINIANSHIDILIXUEXIDEJICHU,YESHIKAOCHADILIQITANEIRONGDEJICHU,TUCHUDILIGAINIANDEKAOCHAYETIXIANLESHITIDEJICHUXING。ZONGHETISHEJIDAODEDILIJIBENGAINIANYOU36TIDEDIZHEN、NONGCHANPIN,40(2)TIDERENKOUMIDU、RENKOULAOLINGHUA,41(1)TIDEGAOXINJISHUCHANYEDENGDENG。JIBENYUANLIBAOKUONONGYEFAZHANDEYOULITIAOJIAN、GAOXINJISHUFAZHANDEYOULITIAOJIAN、RENKOULAOLINGHUADEYINGXIANGDENGDENG,TUCHULEDILINEIRONGKAOCHADEZONGHEXING、SHIJIANXINGDENG。

六、对教学的启示

ZONGHEJINNIANGAOKAOWENZONGDILISHITIDETESE,MIANXIANGWEILAIDEDILIXUEKEDENGJIXINGKAOSHI,WOMENKEYIZAIDILIJIAOXUEFANGMIANDEDAORUXIAQISHI:

1. YIHEXINSUYANGWEIDAOXIANG,KAIZHANYIXUESHENGWEIZHUTIDEDILIJIAOXUE。

ZHENGTIBAWOJIAOXUENEIRONG,ZAIBUTONGJIAOXUENEIRONGZHONGHELISHENTOUDILIXUEKEHEXINSUYANG,BANGZHUXUESHENGSHULIZHENGQUEDEJIAZHIGUAN,CUJINXUESHENGHEXINSUYANGDEQUANMIANTISHENG,CHONGFENFAHUIDILIXUEKEDEYURENJIAZHI。GUANZHUXUESHENGDUIDILISHIXIANGDELIJIEHEBIAODA,GULIXUESHENGFABIAOBINGLUNZHENGBUTONGGUANDIAN,YINGZAOMINZHU、KAIFANGDEKETANGFENWEI。

2. ZHUZHONGJICHU,LUOSHIDILIXUEKEDEZHUGANZHISHI。

JIAOXUEZHUZHONGZHUGANDILIZHISHIDEXINGCHENGGUOCHENG,ZUNXUNXUESHENGDERENZHIGUILVHETEDIAN,TONGGUOSHIDANGDEJIAOXUEHUODONGSHISHENGGONGTONGJIANGOUDILIXUEKEDEJIBENGAINIAN、JIBENYUANLIHEJIBENGUILV,CHANSHI、YUCEDILISHIWUDEFAZHANYANHUAGUOCHENG。

宏8彩票代理 3. YIDILITUXIANGWEIXUEXIZIYUAN,PEIYANGXUESHENGJIEDUXINXIDENENGLI。

DILITUXIANGSHIDILIXINXIDEZHONGYAOZAITI,NENGGOUJIANJIE、ZONGHEDICHENGXIANDUOZHONGDILIYAOSUJIQIZHIJIANGUANXI。JIAOXUEZHONGYAOPEIYANGXUESHENGLIYONGDILITUXIANGTIQUXINXIDENENGLI,YOUQISHIJIEDUDILISHIWUXIANGHUGUANXIXINXIDENENGLI,TISHENGXUESHENGDITUSUYANGHEZONGHESIWEISHUIPING。

4. CHUANGSHEZHENSHIQINGJING,JIAQIANGDILISHIJIAN,PEIYANGXUESHENGJIEJUEWENTIDENENGLI。

GUANZHUSHENGHUOZHONGDEDILIXIANXIANG、GUOJIAHESHIJIEDESHISHIREDIAN,YICIWEISUCAICHUANGSHEJIAOXUEQINGJING。TONGGUOCHUANGSHEZHENSHIQINGJINGHUODILISHIJIAN,JIAQIANGXUESHENGDILIXUEXIDETIYAN,PEIYANGXUESHENGGUANCHADILISHIWU、FAXIANWENTIDENENGLI,YIJIYUNYONGXIANGGUANDILIZHISHI、DILISIXIANGHEFANGFAJIEJUESHIJIWENTIDENENGLI。

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